Dr Malcolm Sim is a Consultant in Anaesthesia and Intensive Care Medicine at the Queen Elizabeth University Hospital in Glasgow. He undertook an MD with Prof John Kinsella (Glasgow University) in the Development and Application of Novel Intelligent Scoring Systems in Critical Illness. He is the recipient of an NHS Scotland Senior Career Researcher Fellowship. He has used this to design and recruit into several pragmatic and collaborative critical care trials in the areas of high flow nasal oxygen therapy, nebulisation and metabolomics in sepsis. He is the Scottish and UK principal investigator on several other critical care studies.